This page is a translated version of the page Feature list and the translation is 92% complete.

Aceasta pagina prezinta o mare parte din caracteristicile FreeCAD. Daca doriti sa priviti in viitor vizitati pagina de planificare. Pagina de screenshot-uri va poate face o iede rapida despre capabilitati.

Descrierea versiunilor

Caracteristici importante

  • Feature1.jpg
    A complete Open CASCADE Technology-based geometry kernel allowing complex 3D operations on complex shape types, with native support for concepts like brep, nurbs curves and surfaces, a wide range of geometric entities, boolean operations and fillets, and built-in support of STEP and IGES formats
  • Feature3.jpg
    A full parametric model. All FreeCAD objects are natively parametric, which means their shape can be based on properties or even depend on other objects, all changes being recalculated on demand, and recorded by the undo/redo stack. New object types can be added easily, that can even be fully programmed in Python
  • Feature4.jpg
    A modular architecture that allow plugins (modules) to add functionality to the core application. Those extensions can be as complex as whole new applications programmed in C++ or as simple as Python scripts or self-recorded macros. You have complete access from the Python built-in interpreter, macros or external scripts to almost any part of FreeCAD, being geometry creation and transformation, the 2D or 3D representation of that geometry (scenegraph) or even the FreeCAD interface
  • Feature7.jpg
    A Sketcher with constraint-solver, allowing to sketch geometry-constrained 2D shapes. The sketcher currently allows you to build several types of constrained geometry, and use them as a base to build other objects throughout FreeCAD.
  • Feature9.jpg
    A Robot simulation module that allows to study robot movements. The robot module already has an extended graphical interface allowing GUI-only workflow.
  • Feature8.jpg
    A Drawing sheets module that permit to put 2D views of your 3D models on a sheet. This modules then produces ready-to-export SVG or PDF sheets. The module is still sparse but already features a powerful Python functionality.
  • Feature-raytracing.jpg
    A Rendering module that can export 3D objects for rendering with external renderers. Currently only supports povray and LuxRender, but is expected to be extended to other renderers in the future.
  • Feature-CAM.jpg
    Path module dedicated to mechanical machining like milling (CAM), and is able to output, display and adjust G code.


Caracteristici generale

  • FreeCAD is multi-platform. It runs and behaves exactly the same way on Windows Linux and macOS platforms.
  • FreeCAD este o aplicatie grafica. FreeCAD are o interfata bazata pe librariile Qt, cu vizualizari 3D bazate pe Open Inventor, permitand viteze mari de afisare a scenelor 3D si o prezentare accesibila a componentelor scenelor.
  • FreeCAD e disponibil la linia de comanda, folosind foarte putine resurse. In acest mod FreeCAD ruleaza fara componentele de interfata dar cu toate uneltele geometrice. In acest context, poate fi folosit ca si server pentru uzul altor aplicatii.
  • FreeCAD can be imported as a Python module, inside other applications that can run Python scripts, or in a Python console. Like in console mode, the interface part of FreeCAD is unavailable, but all geometry tools are accessible.
  • Conceptul de Workbench: In interfata grafica FreeCAD uneltele sunt grupate in palete (workbench), ceea ce permite afisarea uneltelor strict necesare la indeplinirea unui obiectiv, lasand interfata ordonata si responsiva si permitand aplicatiei sa se incarce rapid.
  • Arhitectura modulara cu plug-in-uri pentru incarcarea intarziata a componentelor si tipurilor de date. FreeCAD este impartit in functionalitate centrala si module ce sunt incarcate in memorie doar la nevoie. Aproape toate uneltele si tipurile geometrice sunt localizate in module. Acestea se comporta precum plug-in-urile si pot fi adaugate sau indepartate dintr-un pachet FreeCAD instalat.
  • Asociativitatea obiectelor pe baza parametrilor: Toate obiectele dintr-un document FreeCAD pot fi definite de parametri. Acestia pot fi modificati si recalculati oricand. Relatiile dintre obiecte sunt de asemenea stocate, astfel ca modificare unui obiect atrage dupa sine modificarea obiectelor dependente.
  • Crearea de primitiven (cutie, sfera, cilindru, etc), expandare (normal sau in mod Jung/Shin/Choi) sau operatiuni logice (adauga, intersecteaza, taie).
  • Graphical modification operations like translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, offset (trivial or after Jung/Shin/Choi) or shape conversion, in any plane of the 3D space
  • Creare grafica pentru geometrie planara simpla precum linii, polilinii, dreptunghiuri, arce sau cercuri in orice plan sau in spatiul 3D.
  • Modelarea folosind extruziuni, sectiuni si panglici, in linie dreapta sau prin rotatie.
  • Topological components like vertices, edges, wires and planes (via Python scripting).
  • Unelte de testare si reparare a retelelor: pentru solide, tools for meshes: solid test, test non-two-manifolds, autointersectie, umplere goluri si orientare uniforma.
  • Notatii precum text liber sau dimensiuni
  • Undo/Redo Toate operatiunile pot fi inlaturate sau redate individual sau in pasi multipli.
  • Managementul tranzactiilor: stiva undo/redo stocheaza tranzactii in document si nu actiuni individuale permitand fiecarui component sa aleaga ce trebuie sa fie modificat la undo/redo.
  • Script incorporat: FreeCAD contine un interpretor Python si API (functii) ce acopera aproape toate componentele aplicatiei, interfata, geometria si reprezentarea acesteia in vizualizarile 3D. Interpretorul poate rula atat comenzi simple cat si rutine complexe; exista module intregi ce au fost programate in intregime in Python.
  • Consola Python incorporata cu sintaxa evidentiata, completare automata si explorator de clase; comenzile Python pot fi adresate direct in FreeCAD si afiseaza rezultatul imediat, permitand celor ce utilizeaza scripturi sa testeze functiile, sa exploreze continutul modulelor si sa invete usor arhitectura FreeCAD.
  • User interaction mirroring on the console: Everything the user does in the FreeCAD interface executes Python code, which can be printed on the console and recorded in macros.
  • Full macro recording & editing: The Python commands issued when the user manipulates the interface can then be recorded, edited if needed, and saved to be reproduced later.
  • Compound (ZIP based) document save format: FreeCAD documents saved with .fcstd extension can contain many different types of information, such as geometry, scripts or thumbnail icons. The .fcstd file is itself a zip container, so a saved FreeCAD file has already been compressed.
  • Fully customizable/scriptable Graphical User Interface. The Qt-based interface of FreeCAD is entirely accessible via the Python interpreter. Aside from the simple functions that FreeCAD itself provides to workbenches, the whole Qt framework is accessible too, allowing any operation on the GUI, such as creating, adding, docking, modifying or removing widgets and toolbars.
  • Thumbnailer (Linux systems only at the moment): The FreeCAD document icons show the contents of the file in most file manager applications such as Gnome's Nautilus.
  • Instalare MSI modulara permite instalarea flexibila pe sisteme Windows. Pentru Ubuntu au fost pregatite de asemenea pachete de instalare.

In lucru

  • Feature-assembly.jpg
    An Assembly module that allows to work with multiple projects, multiple shapes, multiple documents, multiple files, multiple relationships... This module is currently in planning state.


Extra Workbenches

Power users have created various custom external workbenches.

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